A Short History of Chinese Philosophy by Yu-lan Fung, Derk Bodde PDF

By Yu-lan Fung, Derk Bodde

The vintage chronicle of chinese language philosophical notion from the 3rd millennium to the 20 th century.

From the sage-kings of historical China to the 1911 overthrow of the oldest monarchical method on the planet, chinese language philosophy has advanced and prompted colleges of proposal worldwide. In an available voice, A brief heritage of chinese language Philosophy essentially illuminates Confucianism, Taoism, Mohism, Yin-Yang, and extra. For these drawn to philosophy or Asian reports, this is often the precise window into old and sleek chinese language ideology.

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Therefore, I what philosophy discusses is what the Chinese philosophers describe I as the Tao (Way, or basic principles) of sageliness within and kingliness without. This sounds like the Platonic theory of the philosopher-king. According to Plato, in an ideal state, the philosopher should be the I THE Sl'llH'f 01' CIIINESH l'IIlLOSOl'HY 9 king or the king should be a philosopher; and in order to become a philosopher, n man must undergo a long period of philosophicallrainiog before his mind can be "converted" from the world of changing things to the world of eternal ideas.

Moreover, there appears to i: be no similarity between the teaching of the School of Namcs and the functions of the Ministry of Ceremonies, save that both emphasized the making of distinctions. : fOil! I I I A Revision of Liu Hsin's Theory Yet though the details of Liu Hsins's theory may be wrong, his , atte"mpt to trace the origin of the schools to certain political and THE ORIGIN OF THE SCHOOLS 35 social circumstances certainly represents a right point of view. I have quoted him al length because his description of the various schools is itsclf a classic in Chinese historiography.

11lOSC of the School of Names had their origin in the Ministry of Ceremonies. For the ancients, where titles and positions differed, the ceremonies accorded to them were also different. Confucins has said: 'If names be incorrect, speech will not follow its natural sequence. ' Herein lies the strong point of this school. "Those of the Mohist school had their origin in the Guardians of the Temple. The temple was built with plain wooden rafters and thatched roofs; hence their teaching emphasized frugality.

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A Short History of Chinese Philosophy by Yu-lan Fung, Derk Bodde

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